I’ve not read all of the posts on the results. The grades were created using -
Evidence of pupil achievement including progress as the year went on.
Estimated grades, then bands within the grades.
Futher bands within the usual bands 1-8.
Ranking pupils in order within these new bands.
Schools’ previous record for accuracy (or lack of) for estimates In the past.
The final one would be done by the SQA. The other four were done by the teaching staff., and was a lengthy procedure.
As for appeals, they’ll probably be done the way that the old appeals were (before the “request a re-mark” was introduced) -
Check the evidence submitted was marked correctly
Check the evidence was sufficiently challenging enough to be useful as evidence.
if either of these were not met, deny the appeal (or in rare cases of really crap evidence, lower the grade).
If the evidence doesn’t back up the grade being asked for, there would be no point sending it in, even though it’s free this year.